Investigations are different according to the objectives pursued
Quantitative approach: use the collection and analysis of data to answer research questions and test hypotheses previously established, and relies on numerical measurement, counting and often use statistics to pinpoint patterns in a population.
The basics of quantitative methodology can be found in positivism that emerged in the first third of the nineteenth century as a reaction to empiricism that was dedicated to collect data without introducing knowledge beyond the field of observation.
Qualitative approach: used to discover and refine research questions. But not necessarily, hypotheses are tested. Often relies on data collection methods without numerical measurement, as descriptions and comments. Usually, the questions and hypotheses arise as part of the research process and this is flexible and moves between events and their interpretation between the responses and the development of the theory. Its purpose is to reconstruct reality as the actors observed a previously defined social system.
Tourism activity has been considered a high multiplier effect on the economic situation, which is why governments of various countries have taken as a central strategy for promoting economic development.
Tourism now plays an important role in the economic development of the country, because they fail in natural conditions, characteristics and
geographical locations of places where no primary or secondary activities are recorded, in addition to a source of great ability to create jobs productive and stimulated by the so-called multiplier effect, other branches of the economy, transport, trade and construction.
Few thought a decade ago that rural tourism would become a clear economic, social and territorial reality for many rural areas and that this activity would be found, if not an alternative, yes it ideal for a tourism development model complement exclusively supported then on the binomial sunshine.
A special bond of love or hate so Nature itself serves as a factor in attracting tourist flows which trigger attacks the medium that supports occurs between Tourism and Environment. Concepts such as ecological footprint, load capacity, environmental impact assessment, etc.. They are, along with many others, the object of study and analysis.
Tourism understood as a mass social phenomenon has emerged in recent years for some countries, as important and a core of its economy. In countries like Switzerland, Italy and Spain, is one of the activities most relevant to their economies.
In Berlin this real estate berlin industry even without having achieved development in European countries, occupies a notable place in the economy, which is why far from being a phenomenon exclusive importance to the sector of tourism service, has become mainly due to the complexity involved in events of national interest.